Прошедшее продолженное время

Функции прошедшего продолженного времени

Прошедшее продолженное время описывает действия или события до настоящего времени, которые начались в прошлом и всё ещё продолжаются в момент речи. Другими словами, оно выражает незавершённое или неполное действие в прошлом.

Употребление:

  • Часто используется, для того чтобы описать предисловие истории, написанной в прошедшем времени, например, "The sun was shining and the birds were singing as the elephant came out of the jungle. The other animals were relaxing in the shade of the trees, but the elephant moved very quickly. She was looking for her baby, and she didn't notice the hunter who was watching her through his binoculars. When the shot rang out, she was running towards the river..."
  • для описания незавершённого действия , которое было прервано другим событием или действием, например, "I was having a beautiful dream when the alarm clock rang."
  • для выражения изменения мнения: например, "I was going to spend the day at the beach but I've decided to get my homework done instead."
  • с 'wonder' при создании вежливой просьбы: например, "I was wondering if you could baby-sit for me tonight."
Примеры
  • They were waiting for the bus when the accident happened.
  • Caroline was skiing when she broke her leg.
  • When we arrived he was having a bath.
  • When the fire started I was watching television.

Обратите внимание: те глаголы, которые не имеют продолженной формы, обычно используются в простом прошедшем времени.

Образование прошедшего продолженного времени

Любой глагол в прошедшем продолженном времени состоит из двух частей: прошедшее время глагола "to be" (was/were), и основа главного глагола +ing.

Субъект was/were основа + ing
They were watching
Утвердительная форма
She was reading
Отрицательная форма
She wasn't reading
Вопросительная форма
Was she reading?
Отрицательная вопросительная форма
Wasn't she reading?
To play, прошедшее продолженное время
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма Вопросительная форма
I was playing I was not playing Was I playing?
You were playing You were not playing Were you playing?
He was playing He wasn't playing Was he playing?
We were playing We weren't playing Were we playing?
They were playing They weren't playing Were they playing?